What did the Soviet general secretaries ride: from Ilyich to Sergeyich
The leaders of the new proletarian state were first taken on a rich inheritance left over from the old regime. Mostly in cars from the Imperial Garage or requisitioned by industrialists, merchants and intelligentsia. Chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars V.I. Lenin, N.K. Krupskaya and sister of the leader M.I. Ulyanov in Renault 40 CV with a huge 6-cylinder 7.5-liter engine, 1918
In 1921, for the leaders of the socialist state, they bought the first few brand new British Silver Spirits with the full name Rolls-Royce 40/50 HP Silver Ghost. One of the cars was redone according to a scheme developed by the head of the royal garage, Frenchman Adolf Kegress, who left Russia after the revolution. On a semi-tracked 75-horsepower Rolls-Royce in winter, Lenin was taken from Gorki in the last years of his life.
The new secretary general I.V. Stalin, M.I. Kalinin and L.M. Kaganovich during the XVI Congress of the CPSU (B.) In the summer of 1930 Rolls-Royce in those years is still one of the main state brands.
Huge armored American Packard Twelve. On cars of this brand with a 12-cylinder 7.7-liter engine producing 180 hp. they carried the Secretary General of Stalin from the mid-1930s to the end of the 1940s.
The first domestic car awarded the attention of the Secretary General is ZIS-115, while designing – “Product 100”. A limousine weighing about 4 tons was equipped with a 162-horsepower forced motor.
Several of the approximately forty manufactured in 1948–1949. Armored Zisov survived to the present day. But in which of them Stalin was taken, no one can reliably say.
The glass thickness of the armored ZIS-115 is about 75 mm. To raise and lower them, hydraulic jacks were mounted in the limousine door.